Session 1 considers the appearances of the normal aorta and the vessels arising from the aorta, such as the anterior branches and renal arteries. There is also a look at the surrounding anatomy and helpful landmarks commonly seen on ultrasound. Some of the common variants will be discussed. Session 2 covers the common pathology seen within the aorta, particularly aneurysms. It discusses common pitfalls and limitations and offers some tips of reporting (reporting styles may differ between departments).